(Original guide by Mercury)
The jumping physics in the Special Stages in Sonic 1 are very unfair designed. Unlike the physics you have in the levels, where you can variable your jump height by releasing the jump button at any time, the Special Stage will always bring you to the very top of your jump height.
Open sonic1.asm and go to Obj09_InAir. Replace this:
bsr.w nullsub_2
With this:
bsr.w Obj09_JumpHeight
Now, find the nullsub_2 label, which should be only a few lines below. This is the deprecated routine, and we need to replace it with a new one, custom one, Obj09_JumpHeight. So replace all this:
nullsub_2: ; XREF: Obj09_InAir
rts
; End of function nullsub_2
; ===========================================================================
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
; unused subroutine to limit Sonic's upward vertical speed
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
move.w #-$400,d1
cmp.w $12(a0),d1
ble.s locret_1BBB4
move.b ($FFFFF602).w,d0
andi.b #$70,d0
bne.s locret_1BBB4
move.w d1,$12(a0)
locret_1BBB4:
rts
With this:
; ===========================================================================
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Subroutine to limit Sonic's upward vertical speed
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Obj09_JumpHeight: ; XREF: Obj09_InAir
move.b ($FFFFF602).w,d0 ; is the jump button up?
andi.b #$70,d0
bne.s locret_1BBB4 ; if not, branch to return
btst #7,$22(a0) ; did Sonic jump or is he just falling or hit by a bumper?
beq.s locret_1BBB4 ; if not, branch to return
move.b ($FFFFF780).w,d0 ; get SS angle
andi.b #$FC,d0
neg.b d0
subi.b #$40,d0
jsr (CalcSine).l
move.w $12(a0),d2 ; get Y speed
muls.w d2,d0 ; multiply Y speed by sin
asr.l #8,d0 ; find the new Y speed
move.w $10(a0),d2 ; get X speed
muls.w d2,d1 ; multiply X speed by cos
asr.l #8,d1 ; find the new X speed
add.w d0,d1 ; combine the two speeds
cmpi.w #$400,d1 ; compare the combined speed with the jump release speed
ble.s locret_1BBB4 ; if it's less, branch to return
move.b ($FFFFF780).w,d0
andi.b #$FC,d0
neg.b d0
subi.b #$40,d0
jsr (CalcSine).l
muls.w #$400,d1
asr.l #8,d1
move.w d1,$10(a0)
muls.w #$400,d0
asr.l #8,d0
move.w d0,$12(a0) ; set the speed to the jump release speed
bclr #7,$22(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
locret_1BBB4:
rts
Next, go to the Obj09_OnWall label, and add this line directly after it:
bclr #7,$22(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
Now, go to the Obj09_Jump label, and after this line:
bset #1,$22(a0)
Add this one:
bset #7,$22(a0) ; set "Sonic has jumped" flag
Finally, go to the Obj09_ChkBumper label, and after this line:
bset #1,$22(a0)
Add this one:
bclr #7,$22(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
Open _incObj\09 Sonic in Special Stage.asm and go to Obj09_InAir. Replace this:
bsr.w nullsub_2
With this:
bsr.w Obj09_JumpHeight
Now, find the nullsub_2 label, which should be only a few lines below. This is the deprecated routine, and we need to replace it with a new one, custom one, Obj09_JumpHeight. So replace all this:
nullsub_2: ; XREF: Obj09_InAir
rts
; End of function nullsub_2
; ===========================================================================
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
; unused subroutine to limit Sonic's upward vertical speed
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
move.w #-$400,d1
cmp.w obVelY(a0),d1
ble.s locret_1BBB4
move.b (v_jpadhold2).w,d0
andi.b #btnABC,d0
bne.s locret_1BBB4
move.w d1,obVelY(a0)
locret_1BBB4:
rts
With this:
; ===========================================================================
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Subroutine to limit Sonic's upward vertical speed
; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
; ||||||||||||||| S U B R O U T I N E |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
Obj09_JumpHeight: ; XREF: Obj09_InAir
move.b (v_jpadhold2).w,d0 ; is the jump button up?
andi.b #btnABC,d0
bne.s locret_1BBB4 ; if not, branch to return
btst #7,obStatus(a0) ; did Sonic jump or is he just falling or hit by a bumper?
beq.s locret_1BBB4 ; if not, branch to return
move.b (v_ssangle).w,d0 ; get SS angle
andi.b #$FC,d0
neg.b d0
subi.b #$40,d0
jsr (CalcSine).l
move.w obVelY(a0),d2 ; get Y speed
muls.w d2,d0 ; multiply Y speed by sin
asr.l #8,d0 ; find the new Y speed
move.w obVelX(a0),d2 ; get X speed
muls.w d2,d1 ; multiply X speed by cos
asr.l #8,d1 ; find the new X speed
add.w d0,d1 ; combine the two speeds
cmpi.w #$400,d1 ; compare the combined speed with the jump release speed
ble.s locret_1BBB4 ; if it's less, branch to return
move.b (v_ssangle).w,d0
andi.b #$FC,d0
neg.b d0
subi.b #$40,d0
jsr (CalcSine).l
muls.w #$400,d1
asr.l #8,d1
move.w d1,obVelX(a0)
muls.w #$400,d0
asr.l #8,d0
move.w d0,obVelY(a0) ; set the speed to the jump release speed
bclr #7,obStatus(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
locret_1BBB4:
rts
Next, go to the "Obj09_OnWall" label, and add this line directly after it:
bclr #7,obStatus(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
Now, go to the "Obj09_Jump" label, and after this line:
bset #1,obStatus(a0)
Add this one:
bset #7,obStatus(a0) ; set "Sonic has jumped" flag
Finally, go to the "Obj09_ChkBumper" label, and after this line:
bset #1,obStatus(a0)
Add this one:
bclr #7,obStatus(a0) ; clear "Sonic has jumped" flag
“ | A lot of people hate the Sonic 1 Special Stages. Watching YouTube playthroughs, you'll hear them profaned quite often.
I'm pretty good at beating them, myself, but I still hate them. Because I'm scientifically minded, I tried to figure out just why this is so. Then it hit me - Sonic doesn't have a variable jump height. Unlike when he's in the normal zones, you can't just let go of the jump button to mitigate his upward velocity. Having noticed this, it struck me that it was most likely the largest contributor to the hate for the Special Stages. Because you don't have as much control over Sonic as you've become accustomed to from playing the normal zones, it's frustrating and unfair. Trying to navigate through cramped paths winds up being an exercise in hitting every bumper and and reverse block through no fault of you own - Sonic just makes a full jump no matter what you do. Well, it was clear - I had to remedy this. I looked in the disassembly, and lo! - there was an unused routine for reducing Sonic's jump height in the Special Stages. Of course, merely reactivating the routine would be far too simple a fix - there had to be more than that. After all, if it worked, why would it be deprecated in the first place? It turns out the unused routine is the same as the one from Sonic's normal code. It's deprecated because, in the Special Stages, Sonic's in a rotating maze, where up isn't always up. The routine is simply impotent at any angle other than 0. Well, Yuji Naka might be lazy, but I'm not - so I wrote a new routine that actually does work, at any angle. This is what I did, and if you follow the steps, you can, too. This is for the GitHub disassembly:
Here's the built rom with the fix applied. |
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